A seismograph with an active trigger input like the Geode Seismograph or ES-3000 Seismograph can be triggered many different ways. The most commonly used methods are with a trigger switch or a trigger geophone. Typically a trigger switch (known as a hammer switch) is attached to the handle of a sledgehammer near the striking end, so when the sledgehammer is hit against a striker plate to create an active source of energy, the piezoelectric crystal in the hammer switch is activated and the seismograph is triggered to record data along the preset parameters. A trigger geophone does this too, but it is placed near the source itself, and is more commonly used with larger energy sources like a propelled energy generator.

If the seismograph isn't triggering with either a hammer switch or a trigger geophone, then the signal may be weak, so turning up the sensitivity could be a workable solution. If the sensitivity is set too high in SCS then false triggers might be encountered. In most situations having the sensitivity set to the middle works best.

Depending on where the trigger geophone is it, there may be a difference between when it is triggered and when a hammer switch would have triggered. Especially in soft ground the trigger geophone signal may be delayed. In general the hammer trigger is a more reliable timing device.

The differences in trigger time when using a trigger geophone could be due to things like not striking the center of the plate or differences in the strength of the impact.

More trigger circuit information:

The seismograph can be triggered by shorting the two input pins A and B on the trigger connector of the seismograph. In fact, that is what the hammer switch does (contact closure device) when it impacts a striker plate. The inertia of the impact causes a momentary closure in the device, which in turn, triggers the Geode. There are no internal components that need to be added. Externally, you could construct trigger device or switch, if that is what you desire.

If you were to measure the pins on the Trigger connector on your seismograph (pin A +, pin B -) you would see about 5VDC. The trigger circuit will sense a contact closure or a pulse.

The Geode trigger input is capacitively coupled, with a 2mS time constant, to the midpoint of a resistive voltage divider. The voltage difference between the two ends of the divider constitute a voltage "window", which size is set by the trigger sensitivity parameter and can range from essentially zero at the highest sensitivity, to about +/- 2.5V at the lowest sensitivity. The Geode triggers (if enabled) if and when the coupled signal exceeds the window, in either direction. The signal, after the capacitor, is clamped by diodes to the range between the trigger signal ground and +5VDC.

The trigger detector output is disabled when the system is disarmed, during a parameter change, and during a shot, up to the trigger hold-off time after the end of the shot. The trigger hold-off time is a parameter set by the user.

Preceding the coupling capacitor (i.e., essentially the node accessible at pin A of the external connector), there is a 3.3K-Ohm pull-up resistor to +5VDC (relative to pin B). Also a fast transient suppressor clamps the input at about +/-14VDC. It is advised that the DC + AC level of any voltage applied to pin A relative to pin B be kept within the range of +/-7V, giving some margin of safety.

If a DC voltage somewhat less than +5VDC is applied when the connector is first mated, the instrument may trigger at that moment. But, subsequently, because of the capacitive coupling, it will trigger on the next positive or negative going pulse that exceeds the window level. If the duration of the applied voltage pulse is less than the record length + delay time + hold-off time, then the Geode will effectively be ready to trigger on the same edge of another similar pulse.