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Information Magnetic Field Strength vs Signal to Noise Ratio

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The Cesium magnetometer is so fast and has such a large dynamic range that it can be considered to be either “on” or “off”. What this means is that if the sensor active zone is in the earth field vector (approximately 70 degrees in each “quadrant” of 90 degrees) it will be “on” and operating. If it is within 10 degrees of either dead zone (polar or equatorial) it will be “off” and not make signal. This is true for some cesium magnetometers, but MFAM-based magnetometers like the MagArrow have no dead zones due to the orthogonal arrangement of the two MFAM cesium sensors.

In the old technology of proton or Overhauser, the “signal” or signal to noise ratio is directly proportional to the magnetic field strength. This means that in Brasil where the earth’s field is 27,000 nT the systems only get ½ the signal strength that they will get in Ohio where the field is 54,000 nT. But for optically pumped Cesium, there is no direct relationship between magnetic field strength and signal-to-noise ratio.